16 Pros and Cons of Democracy

Democracy is a form of government that is “for the people, by the people and to the people” of the nation. Derived from the word Demokratia (Greek), this form of government authorizes the citizens of the nation to elect the best candidates for the legislative houses, vote their representatives, and many more, as the nominal decision is solely based upon them. 

Athens, the country being the birthplace of Democracy, has flourished democracy in 167 countries around the World to adopt the democratic system nationwide. 

However, has democracy impacted in reverse, throughout the years, for the sake of justice in the court of people? Let’s find out! 

Cons of Democracy

Opportunist Politics, and Politicians:

Sometimes democracy can deviate to alike dictatorship, leading the politicians to rule out the government and its policies as per their own interest. Hence, the people’s leader, may sometimes abuse his/her power for their own good, leading the nation and the citizens in a grey shadow of disbelief. 

Mediocre Leader:

The people’s hero might not be a born leader always. He/she may lack enough proficient skills and acknowledgement to lead a proper government and facilitate the good throughout the nation. A leader chosen amass and unwisely may not acquire the governing ideals, which may lead to a political unsustainability in the nation. 

An Expensive Government:

Democracy is a kind of government that’s rather expensive to function. With an election to run that costs of more than billions every 5 years, for Presidents and Prime Ministers followed by other associates, the citizen’s tax rates are preferably higher too.  

Influential Divide and Conquer:

While the government continuously interferes with the citizens of the country based on caste, religion, sex and identities, the divide and conquer practice prevails on a democratic system. People seem to divide the votes for election, while the higher officials seem to elect their sub-ordinates by the absolute usage of power, and not the eligible candidate. 

Higher Corruption:

The corruption ratio on a democratic government is preferably higher than that of others. As the governmental officials are lured towards inconsistent system, they tend to do whatever they like as per their interests, taking more amount of bribery shares instead of using the investment for nation’s betterment. As one starts to take the bribes, the other follows, making the whole system a bunch of corrupts, bargaining under the table. 

A better leader, up until Election:

The politicians seem to be the best version of themselves, provoking the citizens to elect them by giving them optimum votes. They vow and promise diverse opportunities and facility provisions once they are elected. As of the fact, once they are in the government, they tend to forget the falsified promises and vows made to the citizens while in the time of election. 

Internal Political Feud, Greater Impact on the Nation:

In a democratic system, the internal feuds or disagreements between the party officials of various parties still prevails. Due to this, any official matter relating to the nation is lingered and delayed, as the time of compromise between the politicians is preferably longed, leading to harsh economic and social impact to the nation. 

A Witty Government:

A democratic government is by far the wittiest government presumably. As the politicians are ironical to humorous stage comedians, who just tend to vow and make false promises for their own selfishness, omitting the greater good to the nation, and the citizens who are unaware of how the leader is who they have just elected, the whole system symbolizes an absurdity of power, and its ill-usage to live by fortunes for one’s desires and preferences.  

Pros of Democracy

However, a democratic system is not always substandard. Here are some pros of democracy too: 

A system for the people:

A democratic system solely focuses on the right and freedom assurance of the citizens of the country. As the system is “by the people, for the people, and to the people”, the government is by far the most preferred systems of all that favour the citizens of the country, in turn bettering the country’s facilitations and developmental sectors to make the livelihood of the citizens easier. 

A Secular Government:

In a democratic system, the people of any caste, religion, sex or identity are allowed to contest in an election, regardless of their originality. This is a major perquisite of a democratic system as the country remains secular, and any individual can exercise his/her basic human rights and freedom at their free will. 

More Opportunities in every sector:

As the religious, cultural, and other social biases are minimal in a democratic system, the citizens of the country are proffered with a vast number of opportunities in the employment sectors, educational sectors, and more. 

Decentralised Government:

A democratic system favours for the citizens of the country, bettering their livelihood and socio-economic provisions. Hence, a government is run on the basis of decentralization and distribution of power in every states, villages, VDCs, that allows the government to have an in depth overview of every nooks of the country, that makes it easier to tackle every minor problems and setbacks that hampers the basic rights and freedom of the citizens of the country. 

A better Literacy Rate:

As the democratic system boosts the right to educational opportunities at a greater rate, the country’s literacy rate is preferably higher. This leads to the socio-economic awareness in every literate individual, showcasing the better opportunities for the nation too, as the citizens are proactively involved in the developmental affairs of the country.

Higher degree of Patriotism:

As the citizens of the country are well-assured of their basic human rights and freedom, they eventually turn into an aggressive patriots, unveiling their mutual respect and love to the country over the time. Hence, the unity amongst the citizens of the country tightens for a better cause. 

A harmonious System:

A democratic system ceases warfare in the premises of the country, as every citizens are rewarded with their own right to freedom. Hence, the country remains peaceful and harmonious, confronting the illicit behaviors the wrongdoers and punishing them by the law. This leads to the safeguarding and protection of the basic human rights and freedom of each and every citizen throughout the nation. 

A self-sustained Nation:

A democratic system enhances diverse opportunities that aids in the escalation of economy throughout the nation. For instance, more literacy rate leads to more eligible candidates that creates more job opportunities, which in turn creates a substantial growth in the economy of the nation as the Per Capita Income (PCI) of the country increases, as the citizens pay more taxes based on their economic background. 

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